Ovral contains 2 hormones: norgestrel and ethinyl estradiol for pregnancy prevention. It suppresses ovulation as any other combined oral contraceptive drug. It is biphasic.
Table of Contents
- How does it work?
- How to take?
- Can it be used as emergency contraception?
- Missed pill
- Side effects
It is a combined oral hormonal contraceptive drug containing norgestrel and ethinyl estradiol. When taking norgestrel orally, it suppresses the pituitary secretion of gonadotropic hormones. Contraceptive action is enhanced by ethinyl estradiol. It retains a high viscosity of the cervical mucus (makes it difficult for sperm to penetrate into the uterine cavity). Along with the contraceptive effect with regular use, it normalizes the menstrual cycle and helps prevent the development of a number of gynecological diseases, including neoplastic nature.
How does it work?
A contraceptive prescribed for oral use. It inhibits the gonadotropic function of the pituitary gland, inhibits the development of the follicle and interferes with the process of ovulation. The contraceptive effect is enhanced by increasing the viscosity of cervical mucus and reducing the susceptibility of the endometrium to the blastocyte.
How to take?
If during the previous menstrual cycle, hormonal contraception was not conducted, then Ovral for the purpose of contraception is prescribed from the 1st day of menstruation. The regimen: 1 tablet daily for 28 days. 7 latest pills are placebo containing gestagen only. During their application, menstruation comes.
Can it be used as emergency contraception?
It can be used as emergency contraception. Take 2 white pills within 120 hours after unprotected sex and 2 more white pills 12 hours later. Each dose contains 0.5 mg of levonorgestrel and 100 µg of ethinyl estradiol.
The pack contains 28 tablets, they are taken daily without interruption (7 tablets contain placebo). If menstruation is delayed, pregnancy should be excluded. At the onset of menstruation, the drug is resumed 7 days after taking the last pill of the previous cycle. If, on the background of the regular application, menstruation has not come, after the exclusion of pregnancy, the intake is continued. If there are no 2 consecutive menstruations, it is necessary to exclude pregnancy before continuing.
The missed pill should be taken within the next 12 hours. If 36 hours have passed since the last pill was taken, the contraception is unreliable. In order to avoid intermenstrual bleeding, the drug intake should be continued from the already started packaging with the exception of the missed tablet (s). In case of missed pills, it is recommended to additionally use another, non-hormonal method of contraception (eg, barrier).
Do not exceed the recommended dose. Excessive drug use does not alleviate your condition, and can also cause poisoning and serious side effects. If you observe an overdose of Ovral, contact the emergency services.
Do not transfer your preparations to other people, even if they are in the same state as you, or you think that your states have a number of similar symptoms, because this can lead to an overdose.
The drug is usually well tolerated.
Possible side effects of a transient nature that pass spontaneously: nausea, vomiting, headache, tenderness of the mammary glands, changes in body weight and libido, mood changes, acyclic bleeding; in some cases, eyelids swelling, conjunctivitis, blurred vision, discomfort when wearing contact lenses (these phenomena are temporary and disappear after withdrawal without the appointment of any therapy).
With prolonged use, chloasma, hearing loss, generalized itching, jaundice, cramps of the calf muscles, an increase in the frequency of epileptic seizures can very rarely occur.
Rarely observed side effects are hypertriglyceridemia, hyperglycemia, reduced glucose tolerance, increased blood pressure, thrombosis and venous thromboembolism, jaundice, skin rashes, changes in the nature of vaginal secretion, candidiasis, fatigue, diarrhea.
- Hypersensitivity to the components of the drug;
- Severe liver disease;
- Congenital hyperbilirubinemia (Gilbert, Dubin-Johnson and Rotor syndromes);
- Presence or indication in the history of severe cardiovascular and cerebrovascular changes;
- Liver tumors;
- Malignant tumors, especially cancer of the mammary glands or endometrium;
- Family forms of hyperlipidemia;
- Severe forms of arterial hypertension;
- Severe forms of diabetes mellitus and other diseases of the endocrine glands;
- Sickle cell anemia;
- Chronic hemolytic anemia;
- Age over 40 years old;
- Vaginal bleeding of unknown etiology;
- Idiopathic jaundice of pregnant women in history;
- Severe pruritus of pregnant women;
- Herpes of pregnant women.
Kayleigh Wade: “I do recommend this birth control. It is a safe contraceptive controlling your cycle and pregnancy. I have been taking it for several years already. No side effects.”
Eloise Barnes: “I order Ovral online and am satisfied. It is very effective and safe. My gynecologist recommends me this birth control drug.”